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Change the line endings of the text files from Unix to DOS style.

This commit is contained in:
CrazyEttin 2021-06-22 16:05:09 +03:00
parent 08f2d57bb2
commit 2bfa61b669
10 changed files with 1024 additions and 1024 deletions

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@ -1,23 +1,23 @@
MIT License
===========
Copyright (c) 2021 CrazyEttin
Permission is hereby granted, free of charge, to any person obtaining a
copy of this software and associated documentation files (the
"Software"), to deal in the Software without restriction, including
without limitation the rights to use, copy, modify, merge, publish,
distribute, sublicense, and/or sell copies of the Software, and to
permit persons to whom the Software is furnished to do so, subject to
the following conditions:
The above copyright notice and this permission notice shall be included
in all copies or substantial portions of the Software.
THE SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED "AS IS", WITHOUT WARRANTY OF ANY KIND, EXPRESS
OR IMPLIED, INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO THE WARRANTIES OF
MERCHANTABILITY, FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE AND NONINFRINGEMENT.
IN NO EVENT SHALL THE AUTHORS OR COPYRIGHT HOLDERS BE LIABLE FOR ANY
CLAIM, DAMAGES OR OTHER LIABILITY, WHETHER IN AN ACTION OF CONTRACT,
TORT OR OTHERWISE, ARISING FROM, OUT OF OR IN CONNECTION WITH THE
SOFTWARE OR THE USE OR OTHER DEALINGS IN THE SOFTWARE.
MIT License
===========
Copyright (c) 2021 CrazyEttin
Permission is hereby granted, free of charge, to any person obtaining a
copy of this software and associated documentation files (the
"Software"), to deal in the Software without restriction, including
without limitation the rights to use, copy, modify, merge, publish,
distribute, sublicense, and/or sell copies of the Software, and to
permit persons to whom the Software is furnished to do so, subject to
the following conditions:
The above copyright notice and this permission notice shall be included
in all copies or substantial portions of the Software.
THE SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED "AS IS", WITHOUT WARRANTY OF ANY KIND, EXPRESS
OR IMPLIED, INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO THE WARRANTIES OF
MERCHANTABILITY, FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE AND NONINFRINGEMENT.
IN NO EVENT SHALL THE AUTHORS OR COPYRIGHT HOLDERS BE LIABLE FOR ANY
CLAIM, DAMAGES OR OTHER LIABILITY, WHETHER IN AN ACTION OF CONTRACT,
TORT OR OTHERWISE, ARISING FROM, OUT OF OR IN CONNECTION WITH THE
SOFTWARE OR THE USE OR OTHER DEALINGS IN THE SOFTWARE.

126
README.MD
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@ -1,63 +1,63 @@
EttinOS
=======
EttinOS is a minimalist 16-bit DOS-like hobbyist operating system for
the IBM PC and compatible computers. Its git repository can be found at
https://ahti.space/git/crazyettin/EttinOS.
System requirements
-------------------
* An Intel 8086 or compatible CPU
* BIOS, or UEFI in legacy mode
* 64 KiB of RAM
* A floppy disk drive
Building
--------
Build dependencies:
* A Unix-like operating system
* bash
* coreutils
* dosfstools
* mtools
* nasm
Running make.sh will build EttinOS and create a bootable 360 KiB 5.25"
floppy disk image named EttinOS.img. To get a 1.44 MB 3.5" one instead
use the argument -1440. If you want to use another floppy disk format
you will have to adjust the bootloader disk description tables and
install the system manually. Hard disk drives are not supported.
Input
-----
The EttinOS input system is inspired by typewriters. Typing a character
overwrites the cursor location and the erase (=tab) key erases it. The
space and backspace keys move the cursor.
Programming
-----------
EttinOS has a flat address space of 64 KiB. The data, stack, and
extra segments are set at the beginning of the RAM and the system stack
at the end of the address space. Programs are loaded at address 0x2000.
The stack is reset back to the end of the address space after a program
has finished running.
System calls:
* Interrupt 0x20: Return to the shell.
* Interrupt 0x21: Input and output:
* AH = 0x0: Print a string ending in a null from SI.
* AH = 0x1: Read a string ending in a null of at most AL
characters to DI until a return.
* AH = 0x2: Print a string ending in a null from SI followed by a
CRLF.
* AH = 0x3: Read a string ending in a null of at most AL
characters to DI until a return and print a CRLF.
* Interrupt 0x22: Disk operations:
* AH = 0x0: Load a file named in SI as a string ending in a null
to the offset BX and set AL to 0x0 if the load was
succesfull and 0x1 if there was an error.
* AH = 0x1: Save a file (under construction).
EttinOS
=======
EttinOS is a minimalist 16-bit DOS-like hobbyist operating system for
the IBM PC and compatible computers. Its git repository can be found at
https://ahti.space/git/crazyettin/EttinOS.
System requirements
-------------------
* An Intel 8086 or compatible CPU
* BIOS, or UEFI in legacy mode
* 64 KiB of RAM
* A floppy disk drive
Building
--------
Build dependencies:
* A Unix-like operating system
* bash
* coreutils
* dosfstools
* mtools
* nasm
Running make.sh will build EttinOS and create a bootable 360 KiB 5.25"
floppy disk image named EttinOS.img. To get a 1.44 MB 3.5" one instead
use the argument -1440. If you want to use another floppy disk format
you will have to adjust the bootloader disk description tables and
install the system manually. Hard disk drives are not supported.
Input
-----
The EttinOS input system is inspired by typewriters. Typing a character
overwrites the cursor location and the erase (=tab) key erases it. The
space and backspace keys move the cursor.
Programming
-----------
EttinOS has a flat address space of 64 KiB. The data, stack, and
extra segments are set at the beginning of the RAM and the system stack
at the end of the address space. Programs are loaded at address 0x2000.
The stack is reset back to the end of the address space after a program
has finished running.
System calls:
* Interrupt 0x20: Return to the shell.
* Interrupt 0x21: Input and output:
* AH = 0x0: Print a string ending in a null from SI.
* AH = 0x1: Read a string ending in a null of at most AL
characters to DI until a return.
* AH = 0x2: Print a string ending in a null from SI followed by a
CRLF.
* AH = 0x3: Read a string ending in a null of at most AL
characters to DI until a return and print a CRLF.
* Interrupt 0x22: Disk operations:
* AH = 0x0: Load a file named in SI as a string ending in a null
to the offset BX and set AL to 0x0 if the load was
succesfull and 0x1 if there was an error.
* AH = 0x1: Save a file (under construction).

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@ -1,243 +1,243 @@
CPU 8086
ORG 0x7c00
jmp start
nop
;Disk description tables
%ifdef F1440
;1.44 MB 3.5" floppy disk (enable with the argument -d F1440 when building)
oemlabel db "ETTINOS "
sectorsize dw 0x200 ;bytes
clustersize db 0x1 ;sectors
bootsectors dw 0x1
fats db 0x2
rootentries dw 0xe0
logicalsectors dw 0xb40
mediadescriptor db 0xf0
sectorsperfat dw 0x9
sectorspertrack dw 0x12
sides dw 0x2
hiddensectors dd 0x0
largesectors dd 0x0
driveid dw 0x0
drivesignature db 0x29
volumeid dd 0x0
volumelabel db "ETTINOS "
filesystem db "FAT12 "
%else
;360 KiB 5.25" floppy disk (default)
oemlabel db "ETTINOS "
sectorsize dw 0x200 ;bytes
clustersize db 0x2 ;sectors
bootsectors dw 0x1
fats db 0x2
rootentries dw 0x70
logicalsectors dw 0x2d0
mediadescriptor db 0xfd
sectorsperfat dw 0x2
sectorspertrack dw 0x9
sides dw 0x2
hiddensectors dd 0x0
largesectors dd 0x0
driveid dw 0x0
drivesignature db 0x29
volumeid dd 0x0
volumelabel db "ETTINOS "
filesystem db "FAT12 "
%endif
start:
;Setup
;Set up the data, stack, and extra segments
mov ax, 0x0
mov ds, ax
mov ss, ax
mov es, ax
;Set up the stack
cli
mov sp, 0x0
sti
;Store the boot drive number
mov [bootdrive], dl
;Load the root
;Set the source
mov ah, 0x0
mov al, [fats]
mul word [sectorsperfat]
add ax, [bootsectors]
push ax
call calcsource
;Set the destination
mov si, buffer
mov bx, si
;Set the size
push dx
mov ax, [rootentries]
mov dx, 0x20
mul dx
mov dx, 0x0
div word [sectorsize]
pop dx
push ax
;Load
mov ah, 0x2
int 0x13
;Search the root for the system entry
;Set DI to the root
mov di, buffer
;Initialise the search loop
mov cx, word [rootentries]
mov ax, 0x0
search:
;Store CX in the stack
push cx
;Check for the system entry
mov si, sysfile
mov cx, 0xb
rep cmpsb
je loadentry
;Set DI to the next entry
add ax, 0x20
mov di, buffer
add di, ax
;Load CX from the stack
pop cx
loop search
;Print an error message if the system is not found
mov si, errormsg
printerror:
;Load a character
lodsb
;Check for the string end
cmp al, 0x0
je $
;Print the character
mov ah, 0xe
int 0x10
;Repeat
jmp printerror
;Load the system entry
loadentry:
;Load CX from the stack
pop cx
;Store the first cluster
mov ax, word [es:di+0xf]
mov word [cluster], ax
;Set the source
mov ax, 0x1
call calcsource
;Set the destination
mov di, buffer
mov bx, di
;Set the size
mov ax, [sectorsperfat]
;Load
mov ah, 0x2
int 0x13
;Load the system file
;Load a cluster
loadcluster:
;Set the source
pop cx
pop bx
mov ax, word [cluster]
sub ax, 0x2
mul byte [clustersize]
add ax, bx
add ax, cx
push bx
push cx
call calcsource
;Set the destination
mov bx, word [pointer]
;Set the size
;mov al, 0x1
mov al, [clustersize]
;Load
mov ah, 0x2
int 0x13
;Calculate the next cluster
mov ax, [cluster]
mov dx, 0x0
mov bx, 0x3
mul bx
mov bx, 0x2
div bx
mov si, buffer
add si, ax
mov ax, word [ds:si]
or dx, dx
jz even
odd:
shr ax, 1
shr ax, 1
shr ax, 1
shr ax, 1
jmp contcalc
even:
and ax, 0xfff
contcalc:
mov word [cluster], ax
cmp ax, 0xff8
jge boot
mov ax, [sectorsize]
mul word [clustersize]
add word [pointer], ax
jmp loadcluster
;Clear the stack and boot the system
boot:
;Clear
pop cx
pop bx
;Boot
jmp 0x0:0x500
;Data
bootdrive db 0x0
sysfile db "SYSTEM BIN"
errormsg db "System not found", 0xd, 0xa, 0x0
cluster dw 0x0
pointer dw 0x500
;Calculate the source arguments for loading data from the disk
calcsource:
push ax
push bx
mov bx, ax
mov dx, 0x0
div word [sectorspertrack]
add dl, 0x1
mov cl, dl
mov ax, bx
mov dx, 0x0
div word [sectorspertrack]
mov dx, 0x0
div word [sides]
mov dh, dl
mov ch, al
pop bx
pop ax
mov dl, byte [bootdrive]
ret
;Pad the binary to a full sector and make the disk bootable
;Padding
times 0x1fe-($-$$) db 0x0
;Boot signature
dw 0xaa55
;File system buffer
buffer:
CPU 8086
ORG 0x7c00
jmp start
nop
;Disk description tables
%ifdef F1440
;1.44 MB 3.5" floppy disk (enable with the argument -d F1440 when building)
oemlabel db "ETTINOS "
sectorsize dw 0x200 ;bytes
clustersize db 0x1 ;sectors
bootsectors dw 0x1
fats db 0x2
rootentries dw 0xe0
logicalsectors dw 0xb40
mediadescriptor db 0xf0
sectorsperfat dw 0x9
sectorspertrack dw 0x12
sides dw 0x2
hiddensectors dd 0x0
largesectors dd 0x0
driveid dw 0x0
drivesignature db 0x29
volumeid dd 0x0
volumelabel db "ETTINOS "
filesystem db "FAT12 "
%else
;360 KiB 5.25" floppy disk (default)
oemlabel db "ETTINOS "
sectorsize dw 0x200 ;bytes
clustersize db 0x2 ;sectors
bootsectors dw 0x1
fats db 0x2
rootentries dw 0x70
logicalsectors dw 0x2d0
mediadescriptor db 0xfd
sectorsperfat dw 0x2
sectorspertrack dw 0x9
sides dw 0x2
hiddensectors dd 0x0
largesectors dd 0x0
driveid dw 0x0
drivesignature db 0x29
volumeid dd 0x0
volumelabel db "ETTINOS "
filesystem db "FAT12 "
%endif
start:
;Setup
;Set up the data, stack, and extra segments
mov ax, 0x0
mov ds, ax
mov ss, ax
mov es, ax
;Set up the stack
cli
mov sp, 0x0
sti
;Store the boot drive number
mov [bootdrive], dl
;Load the root
;Set the source
mov ah, 0x0
mov al, [fats]
mul word [sectorsperfat]
add ax, [bootsectors]
push ax
call calcsource
;Set the destination
mov si, buffer
mov bx, si
;Set the size
push dx
mov ax, [rootentries]
mov dx, 0x20
mul dx
mov dx, 0x0
div word [sectorsize]
pop dx
push ax
;Load
mov ah, 0x2
int 0x13
;Search the root for the system entry
;Set DI to the root
mov di, buffer
;Initialise the search loop
mov cx, word [rootentries]
mov ax, 0x0
search:
;Store CX in the stack
push cx
;Check for the system entry
mov si, sysfile
mov cx, 0xb
rep cmpsb
je loadentry
;Set DI to the next entry
add ax, 0x20
mov di, buffer
add di, ax
;Load CX from the stack
pop cx
loop search
;Print an error message if the system is not found
mov si, errormsg
printerror:
;Load a character
lodsb
;Check for the string end
cmp al, 0x0
je $
;Print the character
mov ah, 0xe
int 0x10
;Repeat
jmp printerror
;Load the system entry
loadentry:
;Load CX from the stack
pop cx
;Store the first cluster
mov ax, word [es:di+0xf]
mov word [cluster], ax
;Set the source
mov ax, 0x1
call calcsource
;Set the destination
mov di, buffer
mov bx, di
;Set the size
mov ax, [sectorsperfat]
;Load
mov ah, 0x2
int 0x13
;Load the system file
;Load a cluster
loadcluster:
;Set the source
pop cx
pop bx
mov ax, word [cluster]
sub ax, 0x2
mul byte [clustersize]
add ax, bx
add ax, cx
push bx
push cx
call calcsource
;Set the destination
mov bx, word [pointer]
;Set the size
;mov al, 0x1
mov al, [clustersize]
;Load
mov ah, 0x2
int 0x13
;Calculate the next cluster
mov ax, [cluster]
mov dx, 0x0
mov bx, 0x3
mul bx
mov bx, 0x2
div bx
mov si, buffer
add si, ax
mov ax, word [ds:si]
or dx, dx
jz even
odd:
shr ax, 1
shr ax, 1
shr ax, 1
shr ax, 1
jmp contcalc
even:
and ax, 0xfff
contcalc:
mov word [cluster], ax
cmp ax, 0xff8
jge boot
mov ax, [sectorsize]
mul word [clustersize]
add word [pointer], ax
jmp loadcluster
;Clear the stack and boot the system
boot:
;Clear
pop cx
pop bx
;Boot
jmp 0x0:0x500
;Data
bootdrive db 0x0
sysfile db "SYSTEM BIN"
errormsg db "System not found", 0xd, 0xa, 0x0
cluster dw 0x0
pointer dw 0x500
;Calculate the source arguments for loading data from the disk
calcsource:
push ax
push bx
mov bx, ax
mov dx, 0x0
div word [sectorspertrack]
add dl, 0x1
mov cl, dl
mov ax, bx
mov dx, 0x0
div word [sectorspertrack]
mov dx, 0x0
div word [sides]
mov dh, dl
mov ch, al
pop bx
pop ax
mov dl, byte [bootdrive]
ret
;Pad the binary to a full sector and make the disk bootable
;Padding
times 0x1fe-($-$$) db 0x0
;Boot signature
dw 0xaa55
;File system buffer
buffer:

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CPU 8086
ORG 0x2000
;Prints a hello world.
mov si, .hello
mov ah, 0x2
int 0x21
int 0x20
;Data
.hello db "Hello world!", 0x0
CPU 8086
ORG 0x2000
;Prints a hello world.
mov si, .hello
mov ah, 0x2
int 0x21
int 0x20
;Data
.hello db "Hello world!", 0x0

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@ -1,304 +1,304 @@
;Load a file named in SI as a string ending in a null to the offset BX and set AL to 0x0 if the load was succesful and 0x1 if there was an error.
loadf:
;Store the initial registers in the stack
push ax
push bx
push cx
push dx
push si
push di
;Store the offset
mov word [.pointer], bx
;Set DI at .file and initialise it with spaces
mov di, .file
mov cx, 0xb
mov al, 0x20
rep stosb
sub di, 0xb
;Convert .file into FAT formatting
;Initialise the length counter for the main part of the name
mov bl, 0x8
;Convert the main part of the file name
.nameloop:
;Load a character
lodsb
;Check for a period
cmp al, 0x2e
je .initext
;Check for everything else and convert to upper case
call .checkconv
jmp .nameloop
;Convert the extension
.initext:
;Set DI and initialise the length counter for the extension
mov bl, 0x3
mov di, .file+0x8
.extloop:
;Load a character
lodsb
;Check for a period
push ax
cmp al, 0x2e
je .error
pop ax
;Check for everything else and convert to upper case
call .checkconv
jmp .extloop
;Set the carry flag and print an error message if the file name is invalid
.error:
pop ax
stc
mov si, .errormsg
mov ah, 0x2
int 0x21
jmp .done
;Find and load the file
.load:
pop ax
;Load the root
;Set the source
mov ah, 0x0
mov al, [.fats]
mul word [.sectorsperfat]
add ax, [.bootsectors]
push ax
call .calcsource
;Set the destination
mov si, buffer
mov bx, si
;Set the size
push dx
mov ax, [.rootentries]
mov dx, 0x20
mul dx
mov dx, 0x0
div word [.sectorsize]
pop dx
push ax
;Load
mov ah, 0x2
int 0x13
;Search the root for the file entry
;Set DI to the root
mov di, buffer
;Initialise the search loop
mov cx, word [.rootentries]
mov ax, 0x0
.search:
;Store CX in the stack
push cx
;Check for the file entry
mov si, .file
mov cx, 0xb
rep cmpsb
je .loadentry
;Set DI to the next entry
add ax, 0x20
mov di, buffer
add di, ax
;Load CX from the stack
pop cx
loop .search
;Set the carry flag and print an error message if the file is not found
stc
mov si, .errormsg
mov ah, 0x2
int 0x21
jmp .clearstack
;Load the file entry
.loadentry:
;Load CX from the stack
pop cx
;Store the first cluster
mov ax, word [es:di+0xf]
mov word [.cluster], ax
;Set the source
mov ax, 0x1
call .calcsource
;Set the destination
mov di, buffer
mov bx, di
;Set the size
mov ax, [.sectorsperfat]
;Load
mov ah, 0x2
int 0x13
;Load the file
;Load a cluster
.loadcluster:
;Set the source
pop cx
pop bx
mov ax, word [.cluster]
sub ax, 0x2
mul byte [.clustersize]
add ax, bx
add ax, cx
push bx
push cx
call .calcsource
;Set the destination
mov bx, word [.pointer]
;Set the size
;mov al, 0x1
mov al, [.clustersize]
;Load
mov ah, 0x2
int 0x13
;Calculate the next cluster
mov ax, [.cluster]
mov dx, 0x0
mov bx, 0x3
mul bx
mov bx, 0x2
div bx
mov si, buffer
add si, ax
mov ax, word [ds:si]
or dx, dx
jz .even
shr ax, 1
shr ax, 1
shr ax, 1
shr ax, 1
jmp .contcalc
.even:
and ax, 0xfff
.contcalc:
mov word [.cluster], ax
cmp ax, 0xff8
jge .clearcarry
mov ax, [.sectorsize]
mul word [.clustersize]
add word [.pointer], ax
jmp .loadcluster
;Clear the carry flag if the load was succesful
.clearcarry:
clc
;Clear the stack
.clearstack:
pop cx
pop bx
.done:
;Load the initial registers from the stack
pop di
pop si
pop dx
pop cx
pop bx
pop ax
;Set AL to 0x1 if there was an error and to 0x0 otherwise and return
jc .setal
mov al, 0x0
iret
.setal:
mov al, 0x1
iret
;Data
.file times 0xb db 0x20
.errormsg db "File not found", 0x0
.cluster dw 0x0
.pointer dw 0x0
;These are temporary until i write something to load them from the disk itself
.bootdrive db 0x0
.sectorsize dw 0x200 ;bytes
.clustersize db 0x2 ;sectors
.bootsectors dw 0x1
.fats db 0x2
.rootentries dw 0x70
.sectorsperfat dw 0x2
.sectorspertrack dw 0x9
.sides dw 0x2
;Check the file name and convert to upper case
.checkconv:
;Check for the string end
cmp al, 0x0
je .load
;Check for the length limit
cmp bl, 0x0
je .error
;Check for invalid characters
cmp al, 0x22
je .error
cmp al, 0x2a
jl .contcheck1
cmp al, 0x2c
jg .contcheck1
jmp .error
.contcheck1:
cmp al, 0x2f
je .error
cmp al, 0x3a
jl .contcheck2
cmp al, 0x3f
jg .contcheck2
jmp .error
.contcheck2:
cmp al, 0x5b
jl .contcheck3
cmp al, 0x5d
jg .contcheck3
jmp .error
.contcheck3:
cmp al, 0x7c
je .error
;Check for lower case
cmp al, 0x61
jl .storech
cmp al, 0x7a
jg .storech
;Convert lower to upper case
sub al, 0x20
.storech:
;Store the character
stosb
;Increase the counter
dec bl
ret
;Calculate the source arguments for loading data from the disk
.calcsource:
push ax
push bx
mov bx, ax
mov dx, 0x0
div word [.sectorspertrack]
add dl, 0x1
mov cl, dl
mov ax, bx
mov dx, 0x0
div word [.sectorspertrack]
mov dx, 0x0
div word [.sides]
mov dh, dl
mov ch, al
pop bx
pop ax
mov dl, byte [.bootdrive]
ret
;Load a file named in SI as a string ending in a null to the offset BX and set AL to 0x0 if the load was succesful and 0x1 if there was an error.
loadf:
;Store the initial registers in the stack
push ax
push bx
push cx
push dx
push si
push di
;Store the offset
mov word [.pointer], bx
;Set DI at .file and initialise it with spaces
mov di, .file
mov cx, 0xb
mov al, 0x20
rep stosb
sub di, 0xb
;Convert .file into FAT formatting
;Initialise the length counter for the main part of the name
mov bl, 0x8
;Convert the main part of the file name
.nameloop:
;Load a character
lodsb
;Check for a period
cmp al, 0x2e
je .initext
;Check for everything else and convert to upper case
call .checkconv
jmp .nameloop
;Convert the extension
.initext:
;Set DI and initialise the length counter for the extension
mov bl, 0x3
mov di, .file+0x8
.extloop:
;Load a character
lodsb
;Check for a period
push ax
cmp al, 0x2e
je .error
pop ax
;Check for everything else and convert to upper case
call .checkconv
jmp .extloop
;Set the carry flag and print an error message if the file name is invalid
.error:
pop ax
stc
mov si, .errormsg
mov ah, 0x2
int 0x21
jmp .done
;Find and load the file
.load:
pop ax
;Load the root
;Set the source
mov ah, 0x0
mov al, [.fats]
mul word [.sectorsperfat]
add ax, [.bootsectors]
push ax
call .calcsource
;Set the destination
mov si, buffer
mov bx, si
;Set the size
push dx
mov ax, [.rootentries]
mov dx, 0x20
mul dx
mov dx, 0x0
div word [.sectorsize]
pop dx
push ax
;Load
mov ah, 0x2
int 0x13
;Search the root for the file entry
;Set DI to the root
mov di, buffer
;Initialise the search loop
mov cx, word [.rootentries]
mov ax, 0x0
.search:
;Store CX in the stack
push cx
;Check for the file entry
mov si, .file
mov cx, 0xb
rep cmpsb
je .loadentry
;Set DI to the next entry
add ax, 0x20
mov di, buffer
add di, ax
;Load CX from the stack
pop cx
loop .search
;Set the carry flag and print an error message if the file is not found
stc
mov si, .errormsg
mov ah, 0x2
int 0x21
jmp .clearstack
;Load the file entry
.loadentry:
;Load CX from the stack
pop cx
;Store the first cluster
mov ax, word [es:di+0xf]
mov word [.cluster], ax
;Set the source
mov ax, 0x1
call .calcsource
;Set the destination
mov di, buffer
mov bx, di
;Set the size
mov ax, [.sectorsperfat]
;Load
mov ah, 0x2
int 0x13
;Load the file
;Load a cluster
.loadcluster:
;Set the source
pop cx
pop bx
mov ax, word [.cluster]
sub ax, 0x2
mul byte [.clustersize]
add ax, bx
add ax, cx
push bx
push cx
call .calcsource
;Set the destination
mov bx, word [.pointer]
;Set the size
;mov al, 0x1
mov al, [.clustersize]
;Load
mov ah, 0x2
int 0x13
;Calculate the next cluster
mov ax, [.cluster]
mov dx, 0x0
mov bx, 0x3
mul bx
mov bx, 0x2
div bx
mov si, buffer
add si, ax
mov ax, word [ds:si]
or dx, dx
jz .even
shr ax, 1
shr ax, 1
shr ax, 1
shr ax, 1
jmp .contcalc
.even:
and ax, 0xfff
.contcalc:
mov word [.cluster], ax
cmp ax, 0xff8
jge .clearcarry
mov ax, [.sectorsize]
mul word [.clustersize]
add word [.pointer], ax
jmp .loadcluster
;Clear the carry flag if the load was succesful
.clearcarry:
clc
;Clear the stack
.clearstack:
pop cx
pop bx
.done:
;Load the initial registers from the stack
pop di
pop si
pop dx
pop cx
pop bx
pop ax
;Set AL to 0x1 if there was an error and to 0x0 otherwise and return
jc .setal
mov al, 0x0
iret
.setal:
mov al, 0x1
iret
;Data
.file times 0xb db 0x20
.errormsg db "File not found", 0x0
.cluster dw 0x0
.pointer dw 0x0
;These are temporary until i write something to load them from the disk itself
.bootdrive db 0x0
.sectorsize dw 0x200 ;bytes
.clustersize db 0x2 ;sectors
.bootsectors dw 0x1
.fats db 0x2
.rootentries dw 0x70
.sectorsperfat dw 0x2
.sectorspertrack dw 0x9
.sides dw 0x2
;Check the file name and convert to upper case
.checkconv:
;Check for the string end
cmp al, 0x0
je .load
;Check for the length limit
cmp bl, 0x0
je .error
;Check for invalid characters
cmp al, 0x22
je .error
cmp al, 0x2a
jl .contcheck1
cmp al, 0x2c
jg .contcheck1
jmp .error
.contcheck1:
cmp al, 0x2f
je .error
cmp al, 0x3a
jl .contcheck2
cmp al, 0x3f
jg .contcheck2
jmp .error
.contcheck2:
cmp al, 0x5b
jl .contcheck3
cmp al, 0x5d
jg .contcheck3
jmp .error
.contcheck3:
cmp al, 0x7c
je .error
;Check for lower case
cmp al, 0x61
jl .storech
cmp al, 0x7a
jg .storech
;Convert lower to upper case
sub al, 0x20
.storech:
;Store the character
stosb
;Increase the counter
dec bl
ret
;Calculate the source arguments for loading data from the disk
.calcsource:
push ax
push bx
mov bx, ax
mov dx, 0x0
div word [.sectorspertrack]
add dl, 0x1
mov cl, dl
mov ax, bx
mov dx, 0x0
div word [.sectorspertrack]
mov dx, 0x0
div word [.sides]
mov dh, dl
mov ch, al
pop bx
pop ax
mov dl, byte [.bootdrive]
ret

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@ -1,12 +1,12 @@
;Print a string ending in a null from SI followed by a CRLF.
println:
;Print the string
mov ah, 0x0
int 0x21
;Print a CRLF
call printcrlf
iret
;Print a string ending in a null from SI followed by a CRLF.
println:
;Print the string
mov ah, 0x0
int 0x21
;Print a CRLF
call printcrlf
iret

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@ -1,28 +1,28 @@
;Print a string ending in a null from SI.
printstr:
;Store the initial registers in the stack
push ax
push si
;Print the string
.loop:
;Load the current character
lodsb
;Check for the string end
cmp al, 0x0
je .done
;Print the character
mov ah, 0xe
int 0x10
;Repeat for the next character
jmp .loop
.done:
;Load the initial registers from the stack
pop si
pop ax
iret
;Print a string ending in a null from SI.
printstr:
;Store the initial registers in the stack
push ax
push si
;Print the string
.loop:
;Load the current character
lodsb
;Check for the string end
cmp al, 0x0
je .done
;Print the character
mov ah, 0xe
int 0x10
;Repeat for the next character
jmp .loop
.done:
;Load the initial registers from the stack
pop si
pop ax
iret

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@ -1,12 +1,12 @@
;Read a string ending in null of at most AL characters to DI until a return and print a CRLF.
readln:
;Read the string
mov ah, 0x1
int 0x21
;Print a CRLF
call printcrlf
iret
;Read a string ending in null of at most AL characters to DI until a return and print a CRLF.
readln:
;Read the string
mov ah, 0x1
int 0x21
;Print a CRLF
call printcrlf
iret

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@ -1,204 +1,204 @@
;Read a string ending in a null of at most AL characters to DI until a return.
readstr:
;Store the initial registers in the stack
push ax
push bx
push cx
push dx
push di
;Setup
;Store the input length in the stack
mov ah, 0
push ax
;Initialise the destination with spaces
mov cx, ax
mov al, 0x20
rep stosb
pop ax
push ax
sub di, ax
;Initialise the cursor pointer in BL and clear BH
mov bx, 0x1
.loop:
;Read a keypress
mov ah, 0x0
int 0x16
;Check for special keys and non-printing characters
;Check for return
cmp al, 0xd
je .return
;Check for backspace
cmp al, 0x8
je .backspace
;Check for input end
pop dx
push dx
cmp bl, dl
je .loop
;Check for space
cmp al, 0x20
je .space
;Check for erase
cmp al, 0x9
je .erase
;Check for non-printing characters
cmp al, 0x1f
jle .loop
cmp al, 0x7f
je .loop
;Store and print a character
.character:
;Store the character
stosb
;Print the character
mov ah, 0xe
int 0x10
;Move the cursor pointer
inc bl
jmp .loop
;Replace the cursor position with a space
.erase:
mov al, 0x20
jmp .character
;Move the cursor forward
.space:
call .nextchar
inc di
inc bl
jmp .loop
;Move the cursor backward
.backspace:
;Check for the input beginning
cmp bl, 0x1
je .loop
;Move the cursor
call .prevchar
dec di
dec bl
jmp .loop
;Finish reading the string
.return:
;Find and remove trailing spaces
;Go to the end of the input
pop ax
mov bh, 0x0
sub ax, bx
push di
add di, ax
.findtrailing:
;Check for a trailing space
cmp byte [di], 0x20
je .deltrailing
jmp .end
.deltrailing:
;Delete a trailing space
mov al, 0x0
stosb
sub di, 0x2
jmp .findtrailing
;Move the cursor to the end of the input string
.end:
pop di
.findend:
cmp byte [di], 0x0
jne .notend
jmp .done
.notend:
call .nextchar
inc di
inc bl
jmp .findend
.done:
;Load the initial registers from the stack
pop di
pop dx
pop cx
pop bx
pop ax
iret
;Move the cursor forward
;Move forward within a line
.nextchar:
;Get the cursor position
mov ah, 0x3
int 0x10
;Check for the end of the line
cmp dl, 0x4f
je .nextln
;Move
inc dl
mov ah, 0x2
int 0x10
ret
;Move to the beginning of the next line
.nextln:
;Check if the current line is the last on screen
cmp dh, 0x18
je .scroll
;Move
mov ah, 0x2
inc dh
mov dl, 0x0
int 0x10
ret
;Scroll the screen up by one line
.scroll:
;Scroll
mov ah, 0x6
mov al, 0x1
mov bh, 0x7
mov ch, 0x0
mov cl, 0x0
mov dh, 0x18
mov dl, 0x4f
int 0x10
;Move to the beginning of the new line
mov ah, 0x2
mov bh, 0x0
mov dl, 0x0
int 0x10
ret
;Move the cursor backward
;Move backward within a line
.prevchar:
;Get the cursor position
mov ah, 0x3
int 0x10
;Check for the beginning of the line
cmp dl, 0x0
je .prevln
;Move
dec dl
mov ah, 0x2
int 0x10
ret
;Move to the end of the previous line
.prevln:
mov ah, 0x2
dec dh
mov dl, 0x4f
int 0x10
ret
;Read a string ending in a null of at most AL characters to DI until a return.
readstr:
;Store the initial registers in the stack
push ax
push bx
push cx
push dx
push di
;Setup
;Store the input length in the stack
mov ah, 0
push ax
;Initialise the destination with spaces
mov cx, ax
mov al, 0x20
rep stosb
pop ax
push ax
sub di, ax
;Initialise the cursor pointer in BL and clear BH
mov bx, 0x1
.loop:
;Read a keypress
mov ah, 0x0
int 0x16
;Check for special keys and non-printing characters
;Check for return
cmp al, 0xd
je .return
;Check for backspace
cmp al, 0x8
je .backspace
;Check for input end
pop dx
push dx
cmp bl, dl
je .loop
;Check for space
cmp al, 0x20
je .space
;Check for erase
cmp al, 0x9
je .erase
;Check for non-printing characters
cmp al, 0x1f
jle .loop
cmp al, 0x7f
je .loop
;Store and print a character
.character:
;Store the character
stosb
;Print the character
mov ah, 0xe
int 0x10
;Move the cursor pointer
inc bl
jmp .loop
;Replace the cursor position with a space
.erase:
mov al, 0x20
jmp .character
;Move the cursor forward
.space:
call .nextchar
inc di
inc bl
jmp .loop
;Move the cursor backward
.backspace:
;Check for the input beginning
cmp bl, 0x1
je .loop
;Move the cursor
call .prevchar
dec di
dec bl
jmp .loop
;Finish reading the string
.return:
;Find and remove trailing spaces
;Go to the end of the input
pop ax
mov bh, 0x0
sub ax, bx
push di
add di, ax
.findtrailing:
;Check for a trailing space
cmp byte [di], 0x20
je .deltrailing
jmp .end
.deltrailing:
;Delete a trailing space
mov al, 0x0
stosb
sub di, 0x2
jmp .findtrailing
;Move the cursor to the end of the input string
.end:
pop di
.findend:
cmp byte [di], 0x0
jne .notend
jmp .done
.notend:
call .nextchar
inc di
inc bl
jmp .findend
.done:
;Load the initial registers from the stack
pop di
pop dx
pop cx
pop bx
pop ax
iret
;Move the cursor forward
;Move forward within a line
.nextchar:
;Get the cursor position
mov ah, 0x3
int 0x10
;Check for the end of the line
cmp dl, 0x4f
je .nextln
;Move
inc dl
mov ah, 0x2
int 0x10
ret
;Move to the beginning of the next line
.nextln:
;Check if the current line is the last on screen
cmp dh, 0x18
je .scroll
;Move
mov ah, 0x2
inc dh
mov dl, 0x0
int 0x10
ret
;Scroll the screen up by one line
.scroll:
;Scroll
mov ah, 0x6
mov al, 0x1
mov bh, 0x7
mov ch, 0x0
mov cl, 0x0
mov dh, 0x18
mov dl, 0x4f
int 0x10
;Move to the beginning of the new line
mov ah, 0x2
mov bh, 0x0
mov dl, 0x0
int 0x10
ret
;Move the cursor backward
;Move backward within a line
.prevchar:
;Get the cursor position
mov ah, 0x3
int 0x10
;Check for the beginning of the line
cmp dl, 0x0
je .prevln
;Move
dec dl
mov ah, 0x2
int 0x10
ret
;Move to the end of the previous line
.prevln:
mov ah, 0x2
dec dh
mov dl, 0x4f
int 0x10
ret

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@ -1,124 +1,124 @@
CPU 8086
ORG 0x500
jmp start
;Interrupt handler
;Return to the shell
int0x20:
jmp shell
;Input and output
int0x21:
cmp ah, 0x0
je printstr
cmp ah, 0x1